Wednesday, April 19, 2006

Annotated Biblioaphy Extended

Hatch, David. “Lieberman Blaster by Industry Over Ratings.” Electronic Media 20 (2001): 3, 20. A 2001 hearing before the Senate Governmental Affairs panel, entertainment industry executives rejected Senator Joseph Lieberman's proposal for a universal rating system for television, movies, video games, and music. The writer conjectures that this rejection could result in Lieberman completely abandoning his stance. Lieberman’s reasons for the bill were to create a universal rating system to aid in protecting children from “explicit and graphic media images.” I think I should further investigate Senator Lieberman’s stance on video games for a fully scope on this issue.

MacQueen, Ken. “Killing Time.” Maclean’s 114 (2001): 22-6. In British Columbia, legislation was passed in 2001 what implements a mandatory classification and regulatory system for video games. Minors are no longer able to rent or buy games rated Mature or Adult. Individual stores are responsible for sorting games so that minors do not have access to such games. In British Columbia a provincial film classification branch possesses the authority to ban games that exceed standards of violence and graphic depictions set for movies. This is a set system in place that many states in the U.S. are currently emulating.

Kaminer, Wendy. “Toxic Media versus Toxic Censorship.” American Prospect 12 (2001): 23-4. Kaminer takes care in this article to define her opinions on the difference between justified censorship and governmental control. She does not make the empty claim that criticism of media content is censorship, but hammers down her point: that governmental controls on media are not in place to protect citizens, but rather to filter out things that it does not like. This is a strong point made with strong words that could very well form the basis for my argument.

Reid, Calvin. “Publishers, Writers Warn Against Censors.” In a response to presidential and congressional initiatives to address media violence, the Association of American Publishers, the American Booksellers Foundation for Free Expression, the American Society for Journalists and Authors, the Association of American University Presses, the Authors Guild, the Freedom to Read Foundation, and PEN American Center released a statement warning against the dangers of government censorship. The statement addresses perceived threats from congress that the media clean up its act. In tracking down this statement, I can certainly find some fun rhetoric to mimic for my paper.

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